December 6 (Renewables Now) - Spain will be able to meet 68% of its electricity demand with renewable energy by 2030 and 88% in 2050, according to a report co-authored by Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF) and Spanish renewables and infrastructure group Acciona SA (BME:ANA).
Wind and solar power will play a major role in Spain’s future power mix, generating a combined 51% of electricity in 2030 and 75% in 2050, the report states.
Nevertheless, these percentages, assuming the lowest-cost base scenario, are lower compared to targets established by the Spanish government in the draft National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) for 2021-2030, which sees Spain reaching 74% renewable power generation in 2030.
The NECP has also placed its bet on wind and solar, aiming for 50.2 GW of wind and 36.9 GW of installed solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity. The Acciona-BNEF report projects the wind power capacity to be much lower, at 35.2 GW. Solar PV at 31.2 GW is closer to the target.
While Spain’s commitment to decarbonisation is undeniable, renewables may end up being underutilised if the country does not support them with sufficient flexibility and build the technologies that will supply it. This means more storage, more smart-charging electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure and an increased interconnection to France.
The fossil-fueled capacity will not go away in 2050 even assuming the scenario in which batteries have become cheaper. The power system will still be cleaner as enough cheap storage can reduce the fossil-fuel backup capacity by 13% and emissions by 12% in 2050 compared to the base scenario.
The full report “Flexibility Solutions for High- Renewable Energy Systems” can be found at this link: https://data.bloomberglp.com/professional/sites/24/Flexibility-Solutions-for-High-Renewable-Energy-Systems-Spain-Outlook.pdf