Jul 31, 2012 - Chile has attractive options to incorporate bioenergy in its energy mix in a sustainable way, using marginal areas, the regional office of the United Nations's Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) said yesterday.
Although the development of the bioenergy sector in Chile is a challenge, given the low availability of agricultural raw materials and of suitable areas, there are several new possibilities such as jatropha, jojoba, atriplex, microalgae and lignocellulosic materials, Felipe Duhart from FAO said.
Chile could also produce biogas as well as fertilizers from manure, resolving an environmental problem. This can be done using low-cost technologies friendly with family farms, he added.
Chile's fossil fuel consumption, namely oil and natural gas, soared 71.9% between 1991 and 2010, according to FAO. In 2010, the country imported 79.2% of the oil, 67.7% of the gas and 88.5% of the coal it consumed. Oil, gas and coal represented 37.4%, 19.6% and 17.9%, respectively, of all the energy consumed in Chile that year, followed by wood, hydraulic energy and wind power.
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