Offshore wind could meet 45% of 2050 power demand in Sweden

Offshore wind park. Author: Tim Collins. License: Creative Commons, Attribution 2.0 Generic.

December 8 (Renewables Now) - Sweden's electricity demand is projected to jump from 140 TWh now to 370 TWh by 2050 and, with the right conditions in place, 45% of this could be met by offshore wind, according to a report published on Tuesday.

According to the study by Thema Consulting, the increase in demand will be mainly driven by green hydrogen production. By 2050, green hydrogen may need 130 TWh or almost as much power as the whole of Sweden uses today.

In this context, offshore wind could deliver 167 TWh of electricity by 2050, with the potential for a solid increase as early as 2030 but there is a lot to be done to unlock its full potential.

Currently, there are applications to Swedish authorities for offshore wind projects that could deliver an output of more than 500 TWh.

The report was commissioned by Swedish Wind Energy, the country's wind energy industry body, and five of its 130 member companies -- OX2, RWE Renewables, Svea Vind Offshore, Wpd Offshore and ├śrsted. The association and its partner companies are urging the Swedish government and lawmakers to implement reforms in four major areas:

-- strengthening the electricity grid at sea;

-- devising a concrete action plan to expand offshore wind power;

-- simplifying and abridging the permit process for offshore wind tenders; and

-- providing incentives, including financial resources to municipalities, to encourage fossil-free electricity production.

"Offshore wind power can contribute on a large scale to industrial change. But then thorough reforms are required for investments to pick up speed. Otherwise, the risk is that the industry's important transformation will be jeopardised," the report signatories said.

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